If you can’t reach medical assistance after injuring your neck or an extremity, you may need to use a splint to keep it from moving.
- SAM Splint or other firm material
- Elastic bandages
- Duct tape
You can construct a splint from just about any hard substance that fits the region of the body, but there’s a relatively inexpensive instrument you may have on hand. It adheres to the wounded area and may be cut to size.
It’s a SAM Splint. It’s available in a variety of lengths and widths to suit different fingers, forearms, ankles, knees, and other body parts. If you’re on a tight budget, consider purchasing several of the longer ones. (If you cut it, curl up the sharp edge so it won’t harm you.)
SAM Splints are small and light, so they take up little room if you fold or roll them. They can be used on a variety of injuries, unlike braces. They don’t have to harden like cast material does. Wrist, arm, elbow, foot, leg, or knee difficulties can all be treated with SAM Splints.
Someone informed me that the concept originated from playing with a gum wrapper.
It’s difficult to fold the aluminum foil wrapper down the middle and make it rigid. The SAM splint is likewise difficult to fold.
When you make a splint, there are a few things to bear in mind that you’ll learn about in the video:
- Include the bones on both sides of the problem if you’re splinting an area.
- Include the joints on both sides of the injury if you’re splinting a fractured bone.
- If the splint is going to be on for more than a few hours before you can seek medical attention, apply cloth between the skin and splint to absorb moisture.
- The splint may press too hard against the skin and cause irritation or injury in any of these situations.
- Make sure the splint is tight enough that the injured area cannot move much.
- Make sure that the wrap around the splint does not restrict blood flow. Check for this by:
- Readjusting the wrap if it feels too tight.
- If your hands and toes are not cold, losing sensation, or discoloring periodically to ensure they are not.
- Reduce swelling by elevating the injury above the heart level or higher.
Photo by Tom Claes/Unsplash