When you have a bleeding injury, it’s easy to become concerned about how much blood you’re leaking, but the quantity isn’t always an indication of how serious the wound is—unless, of course, it’s a significant amount. Here’s a more accurate method for determining that out.
As I mentioned in the article on how to treat skin lacerations, direct pressure usually prevents the bleeding and allows you some breathing room. Continue with the following actions while the bleeding has been stemmed.
To assess the severity of a wound:
1. Check the depth.
The greater the damage, the more likely a major vessel is involved, causing the wound to flow more or cut off vital circulation. As a result, it’s even more critical to seek medical assistance as soon as feasible. You can only apply pressure and wrap the wound until you can get help.
Look at the item to see how far it went into the wound.
If the injury is to your body’s trunk, try visualizing how deep it goes. If it enters your chest or abdominal cavity, you need professional assistance right away. The entire cavity has a high chance of becoming severely infected. If that’s not an option, begin antibiotics straight away.
2. Check out what else has been removed, in addition to skin, fat, and muscle.
- Artery: If the distal region (away from the heart) is becoming cold or discolored, it’s an indicator that you’ve injured an important artery. Try reducing your force a bit to ensure you aren’t losing circulation merely because you’re pushing too hard.
- Bone: If you believe you’ve broken a bone near the wound, it’s likely to get seriously infected. As soon as possible, visit an expert. Clean thoroughly, apply a splint, and start antibiotics right away.
- Nerve: If the distal region (away from the heart) is numb, you may have injured a nerve. This isn’t necessarily an emergency in and of itself. Most of us have a few days to seek medical care.
- Tendon: If you’ve lost limb mobility, it’s possible that you cut a tendon. It is not an emergency, but it should be seen within a few days to allow for healing.
3. Determine the type of cut.
- For a puncture wound, estimate how far it extends by examining the thing that caused the penetration. If it pierced the chest or abdominal cavity, see the note in step one above.
- Don’t be too pleased with yourself after a seemingly minor cut that doesn’t bled much. Cuts made with a chainsaw are more prone to tug and bruise blood vessels because they are dull or jagged. The vessels may spasm and shrink, resulting in a very severe wound that does not bleed readily. Later, they may begin to flow profusely. If the cut appears deep or unsightly, stuff it full of clean cloth or gauze and tape it closed or wrap a bandage around it.
- If a tiny cut bleeds more than usual, don’t get alarmed. The blood vessels don’t spasm as violently.
- Because there are more blood vessels in those regions, Cuts bleeds more on the face and fingers.
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